European Union targets adopted in the wake of the Kyoto Protocol call for the member states to account for 20 percent of their gross final energy consumption with renewable sources by 2020. According to the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), the EU is currently on track to exceed that goal, based on the National Renewable Energy Action Plans submitted by each of the EU Member States to the European Commission.
These National Action Plans show that more than one third (34 percent) of EU electricity demand will be supplied from renewables by 2020, including 14 percent from wind energy (10 percent onshore, 4 percent offshore), 10.5 percent from hydro, 6.6 percent from biomass, 2.4 percent from solar photovoltaic, 0.5 percent from CSP, 0.3 percent from geothermal and 0.1 percent from marine power.
Bulgaria leads the charge on the 15 countries exceeding the target, coming in at +2.8 percent, Spain at +2.7, Greece at +2.2, Hungary at +1.7 and Germany at +1.6. 10 Member States have reported that they will meet the 20 perdent target exactly, and just two Member States–Luxembourg, at -2.1 and Italy, at -0.9 – have informed the European Commission that they plan to use cooperation mechanisms (such as cap and trade) to meet the 2020 goal.
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