Toyota May Embrace Wireless Electric Car Charging


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Wireless electric vehicle charging technology continues to remain in its infancy to this stage, not being even remotely as common as charging stations scattered throughout the land and in personal garages. Japanese automaker Toyota may be looking to change this, however, announcing recently verification testing is to begin later this month of a new wireless battery charging system it has developed for vehicles that use an electric powertrain.

This new Toyota offering, similar to other wireless charging technology out there, allows a car to be charged simply by parking it in alignment with a coil set into the surface of the ground. The system transmits electricity using magnetic resonance created by changes in magnetic field intensity between the ground coil and a receiving coil in the car. It is reportedly designed “so that it can reduce any loss in power transmission efficiency caused by misalignment or height differences between the coils.”

image via Toyota

image via Toyota

The testing program will involve use of three Toyota plug-in hybrids, like the Prius Plug-in, which will be used in homes in Aichi prefecture in Japan. It will assess user satisfaction, the system’s ease of use, misalignment rates and charging behavior, such as how often charging takes place and timer-based charging it used.

Key technical specifications of the wireless technology include a 85 kHz frequency, input voltage of AC 200v, a charging power of 2 kW and, most important, a charging time of approximately 90 minutes. Also, to help the driver align the car correctly, a function has been developed for the car company’s Intelligent Parking Assist system, seen in the video below, that shows the position of the transmitting coil in a parking space.

Toyota said it will use the test results to develop the technology further, with the ultimate aim of bringing the system to market, though there was no immediate mention of when this might happen or where. Some measures being brought into play as part of this process include minimizing any electromagnetic interference with nearby equipment, and making sure the transmitting coil in the ground has been made robust enough to withstand vehicles driving over it.

I am the editor-in-chief and founder for EarthTechling. This site is my desire to bring the world of green technology to consumers in a timely and informative matter. Prior to this my previous ventures have included a strong freelance writing career and time spent at Silicon Valley start ups.

    • Mark Goldes

      New technology based on unrecognized science is emerging and can inexpensively replace all fossil and radioactive fuels.

      A NO FUEL PISTON ENGINE will run 24/7 on atmospheric heat. Atmospheric heat is solar. It contains many thousands of times the total energy available from all of the fossil fuels. This untapped source of energy can at last be utilized. See http://www.aesopinstitute.org to understand why and how.

      The potential is discussed in SECOND LAW SURPRISES on that site. It is difficult for most scientists to believe it is possible to circumvent the Second Law of Thermodynamics in suitably designed heat engines.

      These engines will be followed by FUEL-FREE TURBINES. Large examples can supersede existing turbines in all types of power plants including those burning coal or nuclear fuel.

      A few trolls post extensive rants in the erroneous belief that these claims reflect dishonesty and fraud. Prototypes validated by independent laboratories will prove them wrong.

      Desktop examples will be followed by 1,000 watt emergency generators and home power units. FUEL-FREE TURBINES also promise hybrid cars and trucks with unlimited range, able to sell power to utilities when suitably parked, perhaps eventually paying for themselves. No wires needed. Variations will power aircraft.

      Completing the prototypes and rapidly bringing these remarkable engines into mass
      production is the remaining challenge.

    • Kelfin Planck

      Mark Goldes’ latest adventure in flimflam is to declare that a “FUEL-FREE TURBINE invented by a Russian scientist runs on atmospheric pressure.”

      But when we read the patent application, we find that actually the turbine does NOT run on atmospheric pressure – it requires compressed air. This is clearly indicated even in the article by Kondrashov posted by Goldes on his flimflam website. Kondrashov says:

      “To create a sample of such an engine, you can use ready-made devices, such as a load-bearing element – a low-power turbine module turboshaft turbine engine, and to compress the air… any type of compressor…”

      Kondrashov filed his patent application in 2003. No patent was awarded.

      Mark Goldes assures us in his note prefacing Kondrashov’s article that “We understand the science behind this jet engine.” But since he incorrectly describes it as an engine powered by “atmospheric pressure” – which it certainly is not – in fact he shows that he doesn’t even understand that the engine requires a supply of compressed air in order to spin at all.

      Although Kondrashov does pretend in some of his statements that the turbine will be powered by “atmospheric pressure,” in fact it is evident from his application that the proposed turbine is made to spin only by the use of compressed air.

      In his patent application, Kondrashov states:

      “To set the above engine in operation, it is necessary to create pressure of working medium (e.g. air) in pneumatic accumulator 18. The compressed air is fed through check valve 19 and/or 20.”

      Thus, Kondrashov indicates that an external compressor must be used to fill the turbine’s compressed air tank before the turbine can be started. But he tries to pretend that once the turbine starts to spin, there will be no further reliance on the external compressor – the spinning turbine itself will compress the air that is making the turbine spin. So despite his own false description of the turbine as making use of “low-grade atmospheric energy,” what Kondrashov actually presents in his patent application is a perpetual motion machine in the form of a self-powered air compressor. This is probably the reason why no patent was awarded. It is exactly analogous to trying to use a generator to power a motor to spin the generator to power the motor to spin the generator. It doesn’t work.

      http://intlphysicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/2014/02/07/mark-goldes-fraudulent-aesop-institute/

    • Kelfin Planck

      The Second Law of Thermodynamics rules out strictly ambient heat engines.

      Expecting an ambient heat engine to do any work, with only one heat reservoir, is exactly equivalent to expecting a teapot to boil water by absorbing heat from a block of ice.

      Both processes are ruled out by the very same law – the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

      “It is impossible for any device operating on a cycle to produce net work from a single temperature reservoir; the production of net work requires flow of heat from a higher temperature reservoir to a colder reservoir.”

      In a strictly ambient heat engine there are not two heat reservoirs at different temperatures; no reservoir would be available at any temperature other than the ambient temperature. Therefore the engine would have to DECREASE the total entropy – and therefore we know for certain that the engine will disappoint us. It will never be able to do any work.

      Flow of heat from a block of ice to lukewarm water would also result in a DECREASE of the total entropy.

      Once again: Expecting an ambient heat engine to do any work, with only one heat reservoir, is exactly equivalent to expecting a teapot to boil water by absorbing heat from a block of ice. Anyone who claims to be developing a “prototype” of such an engine is only developing a pretense, and nothing more.

    • Kelfin Planck

      Max Planck, in his “Treatise On Thermodynamics,” explains how the Second Law of Thermodynamics “may be deduced from a single simple law of experience about which there is no doubt.” Here is the “single simple law of experience” he proposes:

      “It is impossible to construct an engine which will work in a complete cycle, and produce no effect except the raising of a weight and the cooling of a heat-reservoir.”

      This “law of experience” is very similar to a principle suggested by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin):

      “It is impossible, by means of inanimate material agency, to derive mechanical effect from any portion of matter by cooling it below the temperature of the coldest of the surrounding objects.”

      The “simple law of experience” offered by Planck is therefore commonly known as the “Kelvin-Planck statement” of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. But we see from Planck’s “Treatise” that Planck himself did not quite regard it as a statement of the Second Law, but rather as a “starting point” or postulate from which the Second Law may be deduced.

      Here is Planck’s rendition of the Second Law itself:

      “The second law of thermodynamics states that there exists in nature for each system of bodies a quantity, which by all changes of the system either remains constant (in reversible processes) or increases in value (in irreversible processes). This quantity is called, following Clausius, the entropy of the system.”

    • Kelfin Planck

      The Kelvin-Planck formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics may be stated as follows:

      “No cyclic process driven simply by heat can accomplish the absorption of the heat from a reservoir and the conversion of such heat into work – without any other result (such as a transfer of heat to a cooler reservoir).”

      Now, as you will see, the Clausius formulation of the Second Law may be stated with fewer words:

      “No process is possible whose sole result is the transfer of heat from a cooler to a hotter body.”

      In fact, we can show that the Kelvin-Planck formulation may be deduced from that of Clausius. In the words of Enrico Fermi:

      “Suppose that Kelvin’s postulate were not valid. Then we could perform a transformation whose only final result would be to transform completely into work a definite amount of heat taken from a single source at the temperature t1. By means of friction we could then transform this work into heat again and with this heat raise the temperature of a given body, regardless of what its initial temperature, t2, may have been. In particular, we could take t2 to be higher than t1. Thus, the only final result of this process would be the transfer of heat from one body (the source at temperature t1) to another body at a higher temperature, t2. This would be a violation of the Clausius postulate.”

      Can anyone make a teapot that boils water by absorbing heat from blocks of ice?

    • Kelfin Planck

      Mark Goldes’ proofless claims regarding his make-believe strictly ambient heat engine do not represent any new technology, or even a new pretense – they merely represent a rather old pretense.

      “Before the establishment of the Second Law, many people who were interested in inventing a perpetual motion machine had tried to circumvent the restrictions of First Law of Thermodynamics by extracting the massive internal energy of the environment as the power of the machine. Such a machine is called a “perpetual motion machine of the second kind”. The second law declared the impossibility of such machines.”

      “A perpetual motion machine of the second kind is a machine which spontaneously converts thermal energy into mechanical work. When the thermal energy is equivalent to the work done, this does not violate the law of conservation of energy. However it does violate the more subtle second law of thermodynamics (see also entropy). The signature of a perpetual motion machine of the second kind is that there is only one heat reservoir involved… This conversion of heat into useful work, without any side effect, is impossible, according to the second law of thermodynamics.”

      Goldes’ make-believe strictly ambient heat engine would be a perpetual motion machine of the second kind, as defined above. Goldes is not developing any such engine; he is merely developing a pretense – as usual.

      http://physicsinspector.wordpress.com/2013/09/13/mark-goldes-and-his-fraudulent-aesop-institute/

    • Kelfin Planck

      In Mark Goldes’ patent application for his ludicrous “POWERGENIE” horn-powered tuning-rod engine, he described the tuning-rod as “an energy transfer and multiplier element.”

      But of course, for the tuning-rod to “multiply” energy, it would need to disprove the law of conservation of energy.

      Goldes’ use of the term “energy multiplier element” reflected his pretense that the “revolutionary breakthrough” of the amazing “POWERGENIE” could disprove the law of conservation of energy, by presenting the world with a working “energy multiplier.”

      Goldes even claimed in 2008 that the POWERGENIE had been demonstrated already in an electric car, driven 4800 miles by his energy-multiplying horn-powered tuning-rod.

      But it seems that most people, for some reason, had difficulty accepting the notion that the law of conservation of energy could be proven false.

      And Goldes no doubt noticed that the Second Law of Thermodynamics – that “the entropy of an isolated system tends to increase with time and can never decrease” – is much less clear to most people than the conservation of energy.

      So now, after leaving aside the pretense that he could somehow “multiply energy” with a magnetized tuning-rod, Goldes has chosen to focus, instead, on the pretense that he can disprove the Second Law with an engine powered only by ambient heat.

      There is no “new science” in any of Goldes’ “revolutionary breakthroughs.” There is only pseudoscience and pretense – and nothing new, at all.

    • Kelfin Planck

      Let’s look at another example of Mark Goldes’ wonderful offerings in “revolutionary new technology:”

      The amazing “POWERGENIE!”

      One of the most laughable of Mark Goldes’ many pseudotypes is his “POWERGENIE” horn-powered generator. The brilliant idea of this revolutionary breakthrough is to blow a horn at a magnetized tuning rod, designed to resonate at the frequency of the horn, and then collect the electromotive energy produced by the vibrations of the rod.

      We’re not making this up.

      POWERGENIE tuning rod engine explained – from the patent:

      [The device incorporates] “an energy transfer and multiplier element being constructed of a ferromagnetic substance… having a natural resonance, due to a physical structure whose dimensions are directly proportional to the wavelength of the resonance frequency…

      “In this resonant condition, the rod material functions as a tuned waveguide, or longitudinal resonator, for acoustic energy…

      “Ferrite rod 800 is driven to acoustic resonance at the second harmonic of its fundamental resonant frequency by acoustic horn 811…”

      – But the patent doesn’t tell us who will volunteer to blow the horn at the rod all day. Perhaps it will come with an elephant.

      Mark Goldes claimed in 2008 that this wonderful triumph of human genius would bring his company, Magnetic Power Inc, one billion dollars in annual revenue by 2012. Magnetic Power is now defunct, having never produced any “Magnetic Power Modules” – just as Goldes’ company called “Room Temperature Superconductors Inc” is also now defunct, having never produced any “room temperature superconductors.”

    • Kelfin Planck

      Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” has engaged for many years in the very dishonest and unscrupulous practice of soliciting loans and donations under an endless series of false pretenses, that it is developing and even “prototyping” various “revolutionary breakthroughs,” such as “NO FUEL ENGINES” that run on ambient heat alone – or run on “Virtual Photon Flux” – or on “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” – or even on the acoustic energy of sound from a horn.

      Aesop Institute’s make-believe strictly ambient heat engine is ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This has been understood by physicists for at least 180 years. There is no “new science” that has ever determined such an engine to be possible.

      Aesop Institute’s make-believe “Virtual Photon Flux” engine is based on the idea that accessible electric power “is everywhere present in unlimited quantities” – which we know to be false.

      Aesop Institute’s make-believe “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” engine is based on Randell Mills’ theory of “hydrino” hydrogen, which every scientist knows to be false.

      Aesop Institute’s make-believe horn-powered engine is based on the pretense that a magnetized tuning rod could somehow “multiply energy” – a ludicrous notion, which is obviously ruled out by the law of conservation of energy.

      Aesop Institute’s very latest make-believe engine is a perpetual motion machine in the form of a self-powered air compressor, which proposes to use a turbine to compress air to spin the turbine to compress air to spin the turbine.

      Aesop Institute has never offered the slightest shadow of evidence that it is actually developing or “prototyping” any of these make-believe physics-defying “revolutionary breakthroughs.” All it has ever offered are mere declarations that it is doing so – unsupported by any proof whatever, of any kind whatever.

      There are no “revolutionary breakthroughs” to be found on Goldes’ fraudulent “Aesop Institute” website. There is only pseudoscience, relentless flimflam, and empty claims of engines that are ruled out by the laws of physics.

      http://physicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/perpetual-flimflam-machine-mark-goldes-fraudulent-aesop-institute/

    • Kelfin Planck

      Mark Goldes, starting in the mid-seventies, engaged for several years in the pretense that his company SunWind Ltd was developing a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-powered “windmobile,” based on the windmobile invented by James Amick; and that therefore SunWind would be a wonderful investment opportunity.

      After SunWind “dried up” in 1983, Goldes embarked on the long-running pretense that his company Room Temperature Superconductors Inc was developing room-temperature superconductors; and that therefore Room Temperature Superconductors Inc would be a wonderful investment opportunity. He continues the pretense that the company developed something useful, even to this day.

      And then Goldes embarked on the pretense that his company Magnetic Power Inc was developing “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on “Virtual Photon Flux;” and then, on the pretense that MPI was developing horn-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on the resonance of magnetized tuning-rods; and then, on the pretense that his company Chava LLC (aka “Chava Energy”) was developing water-fueled engines based on “collapsing hydrogen orbits” (which are ruled out by quantum physics); and then, on the pretense that he was developing strictly-ambient-heat-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES” (which are ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics).

      But of course, the laws of physics always make an exception for the make-believe pretenses of Mark Goldes.

      Goldes’ forty-year career of “revolutionary breakthrough” pretense has nothing to do with science, but only with pseudoscience, pseudophysics, and relentless flimflam, in pursuit of loans and donations from gullible people who never mastered physics very well.

      http://physicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/perpetual-flimflam-machine-mark-goldes-fraudulent-aesop-institute/

    • WillliamJohnsonn

      After founding Magnetic Power Inc in the mid-eighties, Mark Goldes and MPI proceeded to develop most of the fraudcraftings
      which would serve as Goldes’ offerings in fraudcraft for the next
      thirty years, not only at MPI, but also at Chava Energy LLC, and at his
      so-called “Aesop Institute.” Goldes’ partnership with Hagen Ruff, the
      other Co-founder (as well as CEO) of Chava Energy LLC, gave the
      Goldes-MPI fraudcraft a new lease on life, and accordingly it may now be
      termed most properly the “Goldes-Ruff Fraudcraft.” For the past five
      years or more, while serving as a Co-founder and a Chief Officer of
      Chava Energy LLC, Goldes used his mgoldes @ chavaenergy.com
      email address as his Aesop Institute email address as well, at least
      until his very recent ejection from Chava Energy. In practice, Goldes
      made continual use of Aesop Institute to bring investors to Chava
      Energy, which for five years has based its pretenses on nearly all the
      same fraudcraft used by Goldes at Aesop Institute. The common fraudcraft
      included the fraudcraftings of pretended development of
      water-fueled “Fractional Hydrogen” engines, of generators supposedly
      powered by Zero Point Energy, of “Ultraconductor” wire and
      “Ultraconductor” energy storage systems, and of strictly ambient heat
      engines – along with endless false claims that these concepts were
      currently being “prototyped,” and would soon provide wonderful
      alternatives to fossil fuels.

      Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” is simply an elaborate fraud. After
      founding Magnetic Power Inc in the mid-eighties, Mark Goldes and MPI
      soon developed most of the fraudcraftings which would serve as
      Goldes’ offerings in fraudcraft for the next thirty years, not only at
      MPI, but also at Chava Energy LLC, and at his so-called “Aesop
      Institute.” Goldes’ partnership with Hagen Ruff, the other Co-founder
      (as well as CEO) of Chava Energy LLC, gave the Goldes-MPI fraudcraft a
      new lease on life, and accordingly it may be most properly termed the
      “Goldes-Ruff Fraudcraft.” For the past five years or more, while serving
      as a Co-founder and a Chief Officer of Chava Energy LLC, Goldes used
      his chavaenergy.com email
      address as his Aesop Institute email address as well, at least until his
      very recent ejection from Chava Energy. In practice, Goldes made
      continual use of Aesop Institute to bring investors to Chava Energy,
      which for five years has based its pretenses on nearly all the same
      fraudcraft used by Goldes at Aesop Institute. The common fraudcraft has
      included the same fraudcraftings of water-fueled “Fractional
      Hydrogen” engines, generators powered by Zero Point Energy,
      “Ultraconductor” wire, “Ultraconductor” energy storage systems, and
      strictly ambient heat engines – along with the same false claims that
      “prototypes” of all these concepts were being developed, and would soon
      provide wonderful alternatives to fossil fuels.

      6. Findings regarding Hagen Ruff.

      For five years, Hagen Ruff allowed Mark Goldes, a Co-founder as well
      as a Chief Officer of Chava Energy, not only to use his mgoldes @ chavaenergy.com
      email address to solicit loans to Goldes’ so-called “Aesop Institute,”
      but simultaneously to solicit loans to Aesop Institute and investments
      in Chava Energy in the course of discussions and communications with
      prospects who had reached Goldes by way of aesopinstitute. In effect,
      Ruff allowed Aesop Institute to become a fund-raising extension of Chava
      Energy. Starting in 2009, if not before, Goldes posted thousands of
      fraudulent comments advertising the aesopinstitute website and promoting
      the Goldes-Ruff fraudcraftings on dozens of different
      websites. On Huffington Post alone, as the user “Overtone,” he posted
      over three thousand such comments. When people contacted Goldes after
      visiting the aesopinstitute website, they would learn from Goldes not
      only about Aesop Institute but also about Chava Energy, and Goldes would
      solicit loans to Aesop Institute or investment in Chava Energy,
      whichever the prospect preferred, at the same time. This was his
      standard practice for years. By allowing this entangling of Aesop
      Institute with Chava Energy LLC, Ruff has incurred responsibility not
      only for the false and fraudulent pretenses of Chava Energy, but for
      those of Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” as well. For this reason,
      although neither the Kenneth Rauen strictly ambient heat engine pretense
      nor the Boris Kondrashov self-powered turbine pretense have been
      directly used or presented by Chava Energy, as they have by Aesop
      Institute, they still deserve full recognition within the ensemble of
      Goldes-Ruff fraudcraftings.

      For five years since it was founded, Chava Energy LLC tried to
      promote itself chiefly by means of false and fraudulent claims and
      pretenses, that it was developing “revolutionary energy breakthroughs,”
      including “Fractional Hydrogen” engines utilizing nonexistent states of
      hydrogen, magical Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and
      magnetic generators supposedly harnessing Zero Point Energy. Recently,
      most of the material containing these false and ludicrous claims was
      suddenly removed from the Chava Energy website, although much of the
      flimflam related to Zero Point Energy still remains.

      In addition, Hagen Ruff quietly ejecting Chava Energy’s Co-founder and Chief “Market Research” Officer, Mark Goldes.

      And then came the lies.

      Despite the fact that Chava Energy itself for five years had
      described Mark Goldes on the Chava Energy website as a Co-founder and
      Chief Officer, and despite the fact that hundreds of people all over the
      world have received mgoldes@chavaenergy.com
      emails in which Goldes describes himself as Co-founder of Chava Energy,
      and despite the fact that dozens of web pages still cached by Google
      show beyond question that Chava Energy regarded Goldes as a Co-founder
      and employed him as an active Chief Officer from the very start until
      recently, we are now told by the other Co-founder of Chava Energy, Hagen
      Ruff, that far from being any Co-founder or Chief Officer of Chava
      Energy, Mark Goldes was not even part of it, at all!

      In fact, although Chava Energy LLC did not file as an LLC until May
      2010, the Chava Energy website was presented in April 2009, and both
      Hagen Ruff and Mark Goldes were already in 2009 referring to Chava
      Energy as a new business entity. From the outset until his very recent
      ejection from Chava Energy LLC, Mark Goldes was listed and described on
      Chava Energy’s “Team Members” page as “Co-founder” as well as “Chief
      Market Research Officer.” But in fact Goldes’ true role was not to
      conduct “Market Research,” but to attract investors and solicit
      investments. Accordingly, Mark Goldes made continual use for five years,
      until his recent ejection, of his Chava Energy email address (mgoldes@chavaenergy.com)
      to communicate with prospective investors, many of whom had no doubt
      learned of Chava Energy from one of Goldes’ countless internet postings
      claiming “revolutionary energy breakthroughs.”

      7. Conclusion.

      If Chava Energy’s claims regarding their pretended Revolutionary
      Breakthrough development of “Fractional Hydrogen” “SPICE” engines,
      Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, “Ultraconductor” wire,
      “Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems,” and Zero Point Energy
      harvesting “MagGen” generators were not false and fraudulent, why did
      Hagen Ruff suddenly remove those claims from Chava’s website?

      In fact, all of those fraudulent claims came originally from the very same source: Chava Energy Co-founder and Chief Market Research Officer Mark Goldes, and Goldes’ previous company, Magnetic Power Inc.

      We do find and state that Hagen Ruff’s Chava Energy LLC has made a
      great many utterly false and fraudulent claims and statements, showing
      very unscrupulous dishonesty, on the matters of “Fractional Hydrogen”
      engines, Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and “MagGen”
      generators that supposedly harness Zero Point Energy. Chava Energy’s
      claims and statements regarding “Ultraconductor” wire and
      “Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems” were also false and dishonest to
      some degree, in various ways.

      The relentless and pervasive dishonesty, fraudulence, and
      unscrupulousness, that characterized Mark Goldes’ use of his company
      Magnetic Power Inc for over twenty years prior to the founding of Chava
      LLC and Chava Energy LLC, has also characterized Mark Goldes’ and Hagen
      Ruff’s use of Chava Energy LLC and Aesop Institute since 2009.

      If there had ever been any chance at all that Chava Energy LLC could be transformed into an honest and honorable company despite its five-year specialization in fraudcraft, that chance was wiped out by Hagen Ruff’s most recent communications, in which he embarked on some
      brand new pretenses, no less ludicrous than his fraudcraft of “Fractional Hydrogen.” He now wants to pretend that his very active Co-founder, Mark Goldes, the very same person who has been his Chief Liar for five years, was actually never a part of Chava Energy, at all!
      And he also now wants to pretend that none of Chava Energy’s fraudcraftings came from Mark Goldes or MPI – even though, in fact, theyall did – every one of them.

      http://physicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/category/chava-energy-llc/

    • The so-called “AESOP Institute” of Mark Goldes – a Co-Founder of Chava Energy LLC – is merely the latest elaborate fraud, in a long series of elaborate frauds operated by Goldes over the past forty years. Having abandoned several worn-out packs of fraudcraft used in previous years – such as his make-believe water-fueled “SPICE” engine, his “Virtual Photon Flux” generator, and his ludicrous horn-powered “POWERGENIE” generator – Goldes now concentrates his swindling efforts on just three remaining swindles: his “NO FUEL PISTON ENGINE” swindle, his “FUEL-FREE TURBINE” swindle, and his “ULTRACONDUCTOR” swindle. Although the three swindles make use of three different packs of fraudcraft, they all consist in soliciting and obtaining loans and donations by means of false and fraudulent claims and pretenses.

      https://chavaenergyfraud.wordpress.com/2015/01/10/chava-energy-llc-co-founder-mark-goldes-and-aesop-institute/