In rural India, as many as 500 million people do not have access to electricity. The government reportedly plans to have the entire country electrified by 2012, and is basing much of this plan on renewable energy. This is especially so for the most remote areas, where hooking households up to traditional electrical grids would prove difficult.
One possible plan around this, according to India based solar company Headway Solar, is that households are supplied with a photovoltaic (PV) panel, which will be mounted on the roof. The panel would convert energy from the sun into electricity, which would be stored in a battery during the day to provide light during dark or overcast hours.
The company’s Solar Home Lighting System (SHS), which is envisioned as a answer to this plan, is specifically designed to meet the needs of the rural populations of India. They are said to be installed easily and safely without expert training, and are designed to be used easily by people without technical backgrounds.
Each SHS, according to Headway Solar, comes along with a PV module, a battery, a charge controller, wiring, fluorescent CFL lights and outlets for other appliances.
The company said its goal is to make solar energy not only economically viable but economically profitable. With India having an average of 300 days of sunshine, the solar potential of India is seen as being widely untapped. They may be one of the first to do it.