China, it appears, might be ready to step up and do its part in deploying more of the vast solar photovoltaic capacity it is producing. Will it be enough to make everything OK in the beleaguered solar manufacturing sector? No, but it sure won’t hurt.
Earlier this month, China’s renewable energy division put out word that the country would boost its target for solar energy installation to 21 gigawatts in the current five-year plan, which runs through 2015.
The move was characterized as a quadrupling, and indeed 5 GW had been the 2015 goal spelled out in the original 12th Five-Year Plan. But with domestic solar production exploding, the target was ratcheted up to 10 GW before the end of last year, and subsequently it was raised by another 5 GW to 15 GW.
Most significantly for the global solar manufacturing sector, devastated by overcapacity, the Chinese are aiming to frontload much of their deployment, with 5 to 7 GW of PV installations in 2012, according to industry analyst IMS Research.
IMS said ground-mount utility-scale projects in desert regions will be joined by new commercial installations, forecast to increase their market share by 13 percent in 2012. “A more diverse range of system types will emerge in 2012, largely driven by China approving 1.7GW of projects under the Golden Sun Scheme,” said Frank Xie, IMS senior PV market analyst and author of the report.
China in the past few years has become the world leader in wind power capacity, but its solar deployment has lagged. The new, more aggressive posture on solar by the Chinese isn’t coming a moment too soon.
“With European demand set to shrink from the second half of 2012, China’s domestic market will become increasingly important,” IMS said. “China’s latest move will help to support the huge amount of production capacity added by Chinese suppliers in the last two years by expanding domestic demand.”
China’s plan for 2012 will make it one of the world’s biggest solar markets. In 2011, Germany added 7.5 GW of capacity, but EuPD Researach in Bonn is forecasting that 2012 will see just 5.9 GW of new installations as the country.