Is A Giant Wind Farm In New Mexico’s Future?

New Mexico is ready to welcome a massive project that would catapult it into a leadership position in wind energy in the United States – all it needs is a company to seize the opportunity.

The State Land Office this week said [PDF] it would take lease bids from companies willing, ready and able to buid the “El Cabo” project on 33,600 acres of state land about 75 miles southeast of Albuquerque, as the crow flies, in Torrance County. (Looking at it on Google Maps, this looks like the kind of terrain where Walter and Jesse often parked the RV in the early days.)

The state envisions this project eventually totaling 1,000 megawatts of generating capacity – more in one project than the state’s current 778 MW of wind. This would be enough energy to supply “up to 400,000” homes, the state said – a big number in a state with barely 2 million people.

The environmental benefits? “The development would reduce CO2 emissions by 2.6 million tons and save over 1.1 billion gallons of water annually compared to coal driven electricity.” According to the coal-industry group America’s Power, coal currently provides 71 percent of New Mexico’s electricity.

new mexico wind farm

The area southeast of Albuquerque is an excellent wind resource (image via Wind Powering America)

But there’s something else New Mexico imagines getting from this project: Money.

“A new and growing source of income for the State Land Office is renewable energy leasing, which is expected to be the largest growth area for our Commercial Resources Division,” State Land Commissioner Ray Powell said in a statement. “In 2002, during my previous administration as State Land Commissioner, I signed a lease creating New Mexico’s first wind farm with the utility — Florida Power and Light in east-central New Mexico near Fort Sumner. Today, there are four existing wind energy projects located on State Trust Lands that are expected to earn more than $50 million over the life of the projects. There are also five pending applications that are projected to earn more than $215 million in future years.”

We’ll find out whether the wind industry bites at this opportunity in September, when the lease auction is held. As always, that could depend on how confident developers are of getting a power purchase agreement lined up. New Mexico’s renewable portfolio standard is a pretty good one, at least for its investor-owned utilities, and that could help incentivize interest. The Albuquerque-based utility company PNM just this week announced a plan to add more solar and wind, with the wind coming from the 102.4 MW Red Mesa Wind Energy center west of the city. These additions would put PNM at 15 percent renewables by 2015, so it will still need more to hit the required 20 percent by 2020.

Pete Danko is a writer and editor based in Portland, Oregon. His work has appeared in Breaking Energy, National Geographic's Energy Blog, The New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle and elsewhere.

  • Today, over here in the UK, our Prime Minister ‘opened’ the worlds largest offshore wind farm – all of the wind turbines are online. We now have 5 GW of onshore wind capacity and 3 GW of offshore wind capacity.

    From before 4:00 pm yesterday, to after 9:00 pm, about 0.8 GW of wind power went into the National Grid (10% of nameplate capacity). Demand was at 40 GW at 4:00 pm, dropping to about 36 GW at 9:00 pm. Not much solar pv about at these times either.

    What made up for that ‘missing’ 7.2 GW of the loudly trumpeted 8 GW of WIND TURBINE CAPACITY? Well, nuclear chugged along steadily at about 7.5 GW for all of that period of time.

    Good job we’ve got nuclear, eh? Can’t rely on wind to keep the lights on, can we?

    • Pete Danko

      In Southern California, their making do without 2.1 GW of nuclear they spent a small fortune to build. Clearly a diversified portfolio in necessary – with wide interconnectivity. Supergrid!

    • UnionLeague

      Certain types of green power are better as complementary systems for peak loads and not the best for baseline power. There are new developments in nuclear technology that are encouraging, but the question for the UK remains how about estuary power? Much more predictable than wind. Didn’t sailing ships go out on the tide and weren’t there schedules based the tides?

  • Alec Sevins

    And massive it is. 33,600 acres = 52.5 square miles, or an industrial zone over 7 miles on each side (if it was square). It shows how wind turbines are a grossly inefficient use of open space, which is under assault from population growth anyhow. Aside from the money and ethereal carbon reductions, why do people insist these industrial intrusions are “green?”