First US Tidal Energy Device Adjusts, Powers On

Remember last September, when a tidal power device sent energy to the grid in the United States for the first time? Since then, the TidGen device, by Portland, Maine-based Ocean Renewable Power Company, has been in and out of the water a couple of times to address issues, but today it’s spinning away, producing clean power.

We talked to ORPC this week after reading through an environmental monitoring report [PDF] the company filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in March. The report generally finds minimal to no impacts from the initial operation of the 150-kilowatt capacity device, and recommends tweaks to the gathering and reporting of information.

ocean renewable power company tidgen

The TidGen energy device out of the water (image via ORPC)

It also gives the first insight into how the device has performed.

ORPC’s marketing and commnications manager, Susy Kist, said she couldn’t provide power production data, but said the TidGen is “doing really well, we’re very pleased.”

That doesn’t mean there haven’t been challenges.

In October, just a few weeks after the device was deployed, a video inspection revealed “what appeared to be loose bolts on one of the TGUs” (the TidGen consists of four turbines strung along in a line), according to the FERC report.

“A more detailed inspection showed that multiple intermediate joint attachments had loose bolts present,” the company said. “The TGU was retrieved and brought to shore and all TGU joints inspected. At the intermediate TGU connections, many of the bolts had vibrated loose. These bolts were replaced and methods of preventing vibration loosening of the bolts were implemented. These methods included using a higher torque preload and drilling through the nut and bolt assemble and placing a pin to prevent rotation.”

The TGU went back in the water in December and the system was put online and power was generated. But then….

… after operating in boost mode for a short period of time, the electronic brake circuit self-activated, and the TGU stalled. After this event, the brake circuit could not be enabled so the brake would not release. An analysis of the issue points to failure of a resistor in the opto-electric circuit controlling the brake. Since the brake is normally closed, this means that the TGU is locked out.

The unit was pulled out the water on January 22, then deployed a month or so later.

Kist said these minor hiccups are to be expected.

“Our engineers like to say that we’re not running an underwater museum,” she said. “This is new stuff, and we want to get out in the field with our technology as quckly as possible, get it operating, improve it, fine-tune it, and keep moving forward.”

On that count, the company’s plan is to install two more 150-kW TidGen device’s next year.

Pete Danko is a writer and editor based in Portland, Oregon. His work has appeared in Breaking Energy, National Geographic's Energy Blog, The New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle and elsewhere.


  • Reply April 18, 2013

    Jessica Sprajcar

    How do these turbines NOT chop up tons of fish and other sealife?

    • Reply April 18, 2013

      Pete Danko

      According to ORPC: “Fish or sea mammals … tend to simply avoid the unit the way they would a rock or other natural barrier, by swimming around it. Since the turbine foils rotate slowly and do not funnel or suck water into them, they pose minimal risk to the fish that do swim through the units.

      It’s certainly possible there could be adverse marine impact. But that’s why the company is operating under a strict pilot license that required working with many layers of regulatory agencies in the process of getting to this point, and requires extraordinary monitoring ongoing (as exemplified by the long report it was required to submit just six months into the deployment of the first device).

      Reading through the long report submitted in March, it strikes me the larger concern is what impact the presence of the device (it’s installation and operation) could have on patters of fish and sea mammal life, and that too is being monitored closely.

      • Reply September 2, 2013


        However if later in the process it could be added, a way to slice up jellyfish, which are exploding in population to a degree the earth has never seen, this would be a good thing. And before you persecute me, please read this article which among others statements includes this: (, “According to JellyWatch,
        a research branch of the Monterey bay Aquarium Research Institute in
        California, the socio-economic impact of increasing jellyfish blooms
        include damages to tourism and fisheries. “Undoubtedly there are
        associated ecological ramifications such as food web and biogeochemical
        pathway alterations,” the institute notes.”.

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