Community-Owned Transmission?

ILSREditor’s Note: EarthTechling is proud to repost this article courtesy of Institute for Local Self-Reliance. Author credit goes to John Farrell.

The enormous growth in local renewable energy is decentralizing the electricity system, often supplanting energy from centralized power plants.  But not all renewable energy is built locally, even in a country like Germany withmassive local ownership of its renewable energy systems.  The Germans are undergoing significant upgrades to their electricity grid as they push 25% renewable energy, and transmission is part of the plan.

And as with their wind and solar generation, the Germans are committed to letting ordinary citizens reap the economic benefits of the “energy change,” announcing a new plan to let citizens invest in transmission lines.

Transmission line

image via Shutterstock

It’s certainly a novel idea.  High-voltage transmission lines in the U.S. are typically built by vertically-integrated utilities or big transmission companies that – even during a recession – get a rate regulated return on investment of 13%.

The German concept would allow up to 15% community ownership in a transmission line, with a guaranteed return of 5% for local investors.  They’re upfront about the motive, too: “the minister is hoping the scheme will take the edge off opposition.”

Consider this.  The Edison Electric Institute estimates thatutilities and transmission companies will spend $66 billion on new transmission between 2011 and 2015, with the entire cost borne by ratepayers.  The difference between a 5% return and a 13% return is nearly $11 billion over 20 years.

With the NIMBY opposition to large wind farms and transmission in the U.S., community ownership of transmission is an idea regulators should take to heart once they have exhausted the non-transmission strategies for meeting local power needs (distributed generationdemand response, efficiency, to name a few).

But community-owned transmission could save billions, reduce opposition, and spread the economic benefits of clean energy infrastructure.  Sounds like a winner.

The Institute’s mission is to provide innovative strategies, working models and timely information to support environmentally sound and equitable community development. To this end, ILSR works with citizens, activists, policymakers and entrepreneurs to design systems, policies and enterprises that meet local or regional needs; to maximize human, material, natural and financial resources; and to ensure that the benefits of these systems and resources accrue to all local citizens.

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